This is the right place if you’re looking for a blank map of South America. A list of them is provided at the end. First, we’ll provide some fascinating facts about this continent.
The South American continent is one of extremes. It is where the driest desert is found, the Atacama Desert. It is also the continent with the largest river, the Amazon River.
The extremities extend farther south than any other continent. It has a coastline with the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. In the northeast, the border is formed by the Caribbean Sea.
The Andes Mountain range runs all along the western part of the South American continent. It is from this mountain range that the sources of the Amazon spring, the largest river in the world. The beginnings of this river are in the west but flow eastward towards the Atlantic Ocean.
Geographically, South American can be divided into three different regions. These are the mountains and highlands, coastal plains, and river basins. Mountains, in particular the Andes, run north to south. The coastal plains extend in that direction also. River basins generally run east-west.
The continent covers the territory of twelve sovereign states. These are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Included in the continent are also two dependent territories, which are the South Sandwich Islands and the Falkland Islands, and South Georgia. On the continent’s mainland is also the internal territory of French Guiana.
The interior of South America is not very densely populated. Most of the population lives in the coastal regions on the east and the west.
The original inhabitants entered the continent by crossing from Siberia to North America. Therefore, indigenous South Americans descended from the Asiatic people. This movement occurred during the last Wisconsin ice age.
One of the most prominent pre-Columbian civilizations in South America is that of the Incas. They built a powerful empire that covered big parts of the continent and they built the iconic city of Machu Picchu. This mountain city is often considered a contemporary Wonder of the World.
Spain and Portugal started colonizing South America in the 16th century. Later, during the 19th century, many of these colonies gained independence. Famous fighters for independence are José de San Martín and Simon Bolívar.
Before the arrival of the Europeans, the indigenous tribes thrived. However, their numbers dwindled during the Spanish and Portuguese rule. Even now, these indigenous, and mestizo (mixed), cultures remain separated. In this way, many retain their distinct characteristics.
Brazil in particular has a large population that descended from African slaves. Their ancestors were brought to America during the colonial period in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Many of the ethnic groups in South America mingle, which results in new interesting social structures.
Brazil, the biggest country in South America, was under the influence of Portugal. Most other countries are former Spanish colonies. As a result, Spanish and Portuguese are the two main languages in South America. Three countries in the north have different social and cultural backgrounds. These are French Guiana (French), Guyana (English), and Suriname (Dutch). Of course, many Indigenous languages continue to be used.
This is a list of links to free blank maps. Use a map of South America for any personal or work project.
If you liked this article about blank maps of the South America, you should also check out this article with blank maps of USA.
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